Nanoscience and Nanometrology

Archive

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Structural and Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Tellurite Glass with Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Embedment

Improving the optical properties of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) in tellurite glass is crucial for the development of efficient solid state laser. In this work, we report the results of structurally-induced transitions in melt-quench synthesized CuO NPs integrated Er2O3 doped multicomponent tellurite glasses. Based on the predecessors’ work, we optimized the components of such glasses to observe its effects on the structural, physical and optical properties of the glasses were characterized using density, XRD, HTEM, FTIR, UV–vis-IR absorption and PL spectroscopy. The variations of physical properties are measured and the hardness of the glasses is performed by using Vickers Microhardness. XRD analysis confirmed the amorphous nature of the prepared glass sample. The presence of CuO NPs is verified by using HRTEM with lattice spacing 0.23 nm at (111) plane orientation inside the glass matrix. FTIR spectrum shows that the glasses are made up of [TeO4] and [TeO3] structural units. Absorption spectra of glasses consisted of seven significant bands from the ground sate 4I15/2 to the excited states 4F7/2, 2H11/2, 4S3/2, 4F9/2, 4I9/2, 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 are attributed to excited states around 488, 522, 545, 652, 799, 973 and 1530 nm, wherein 4I15/2 to 4I9/2 transition in Er3+ disclosed the highest intensity. The decrease in bonding parameter increases the formation of more covalent bond in the glass network. Appreciable changes have been observed in the photoluminescence emission intensity with the change in Cu NPs concentration in the medium. Down-conversion emission spectra under 380 nm excitation shows four peaks centered at 408, 530, 550, and 660 nm. Meanwhile, up-conversion emission spectra under excitation 980 nm shows three peaks centered at 530, 550, and 660 nm. The enhancement in the luminescence is attributed to the localized electric field in vicinity of nanoparticles, while, the quenching effect is responsible from the large formation of multipoles interaction that leads to the energy transfer from RE ions to NPs. Intense green emission obtained from the proposed glasses could be a potential gain medium for solid-state laser medium.

Tellurite Glass, CuO NPs, FTIR, Absorption, Emission

APA Style

Zahra Ashur Said Mahraz, Nur Ezzati Nabilah Syaqilah Abdul Hamid, Ezza Syuhada Sazali, Faizani Mohd Noor, Md. Rahim Sahar, et al. (2022). Structural and Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Tellurite Glass with Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Embedment. Nanoscience and Nanometrology, 8(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.nsnm.20220801.11

ACS Style

Zahra Ashur Said Mahraz; Nur Ezzati Nabilah Syaqilah Abdul Hamid; Ezza Syuhada Sazali; Faizani Mohd Noor; Md. Rahim Sahar, et al. Structural and Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Tellurite Glass with Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Embedment. Nanosci. Nanometrol. 2022, 8(1), 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.nsnm.20220801.11

AMA Style

Zahra Ashur Said Mahraz, Nur Ezzati Nabilah Syaqilah Abdul Hamid, Ezza Syuhada Sazali, Faizani Mohd Noor, Md. Rahim Sahar, et al. Structural and Optical Properties of Er3+ Doped Tellurite Glass with Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Embedment. Nanosci Nanometrol. 2022;8(1):1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.nsnm.20220801.11

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Yusoff, N. M., Sahar, M. R. (2015). The incorporation of Silver Nanoparticles in Samarium doped Magnesium Tellurite Glass: Effect on the Characteristic of Bonding and Local Structure. Phys. B Condens. Matter, 470–471: 6–14.
2. Yousef, E. S., Elokr, M. M., Aboudeif, Y. M. (2016). Optical, Elastic Properties and DTA of TNZP Host Tellurite Glasses doped with Er3+ Ions. J. Mol. Struct., 1108: 257–262.
3. Sazali, E. S., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K., Arifin, R. (2014). Optical Properties of Gold Nanoparticle Embedded Er3+ Doped Lead–Tellurite Glasses. J. Alloys Compd, 607: 85–90.
4. Azlan, M. N., Halimah, M. K., Sidek, H. A. A. (2017). Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Erbium doped Zinc Borotellurite Glass System. J. Lumin, 181: 400–406.
5. Mahraz, Z. A. S., Sazali, E. S., M. R., Sahar, Amran, N. U., Yaacob, S. N. S., Aziz, S. M., Mawlud, S. Q., Noor, F. M., Harun, A. N. (2019). Spectroscopic Investigations of Near-infrared Emission from Nd3+-Doped Zinc-Phosphate Glasses: Judd-Ofelt Evaluation, J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 509: 106–114.
6. Nawaz, F., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K., Amjad, R. J., Dousti, M. R., Awang, A. (2013). Spectral Investigation of Sm3+/Yb3+ Co-doped Sodium Tellurite Glass. Chinese Opt. Lett, 11: 061605-4.
7. Reza Dousti, M., Junaid Amjad, R. (2017). Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on the Upconversion and Near-infrared Emissions of Er3+:Yb3+ Co-doped Zinc Tellurite Glasses. Measurement, 105: 114-119.
8. Kaiyu, T., Yumian, Y., Huizhong, B., Shuangbao, W. (2021). Synthesis and Luminescence Characteristics of Tb3+-Doped Fluorophosphate Glass for UV Detection. J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 572: 121012.
9. Wantana, N., Kaewnuam, E., Ruangtaweep, Y., Valiev, D., Stepanov, S., Yamanoi, K., Kim, H. J., Kothan, S., Kaewkhao, J. (2021). Tunable Orange, Yellow and White Emission of Pr3+-Doped Tungsten Gadolinium Borate Glasses. J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 554: 120630.
10. Hasim, N. B. (2017). Effects of Embedded Silver Nanoparticles on Physicals and Optical Properties of Erbium and Neodymium Codoped Lithium Niobate Tellurite Glass. University Teknologi Malaysia.
11. Danmallam, I. M., Ghoshal, S. K., Ariffin, R., Jupri, S. A., Sharma, S. (2019). Europium Ions and Silver Nanoparticles Co-doped Magnesium-Zinc-Sulfophosphate Glasses: Evaluation of Ligand Field and Judd-Ofelt Parameters. J. Lumin. 216: 116713.
12. Ashok, J., Kostrzewa, M., Ingram, A., Venkatramaiah, N., Srinivasa Reddy, M., Ravi Kumar, V., Piasecki, M., Veeraiah, N. (2019). Structural and Dielectric Features of Silver Doped Sodium Antimonate Glass Ceramics. J. Alloys Compd, 791: 278–295.
13. Awang, A., Ghoshal, S. K., Sahar, M. R., Arifin, R., Nawaz, F. (2014). Non-spherical Gold Nanoparticles Mediated Surface Plasmon Resonance in Er3+ Doped Zinc-Sodium Tellurite Glasses: Role of Heat Treatment. J. Lumin, 149: 138–143.
14. Dousti, M. R., Amjad, R. J., Mahraz, Z. A. S. (2015). Enhanced Green and Red Upconversion Emissions in Er3+-Doped Boro-Tellurite Glass Containing Gold Nanoparticles. J. Mol. Struct, 1079: 347-352.
15. Jimenez, J. A. (2013). Effect Influence of Ag Nanoparticles on the Luminescence Dynamics of Dy3+ Ions in Glass: the ‘‘Plasmonic Diluent’’. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 15: 17587- 17594.
16. Amjad, R. J., Dousti, M. R., Iqbal, A., Hussain, S. Z., Sahar, M. R., Shaukat, S. F. (2015). Influence of Silver Nanoparticles on the Luminescence Dynamics of Dy3+ Doped Amorphous Matrix. Measurement, 74: 87-9.
17. Chiasera, A., Ferrari, M., Mattarelli, M., Montagna, M., Pelli, S., Portales, H., Zheng, J., Righini, G. C. (2005). Assessment of Spectroscopic Properties of Erbium Ions in a Soda-Lime Silicate Glass After Silver–Sodium Exchange. Opt. Mater, 27: 1743-1747.
18. Dousti, M. R., Poirier, G. Y., Amjad, R. J., de Camargo, A. S. S. (2016). Luminescence Quenching Versus Enhancement in WO3-NaPO3 Glasses Doped With Trivalent Rare Earth Ions and Containing Silver Nanoparticles. Opt. Mater, 60: 331-340.
19. Bhogi, A., Vijaya K. R., Kistaiah, P. (2015). Effect of Alkaline Earths on Spectroscopic and Structural Properties of Cu2+ Ions–doped Lithium Borate Glasses. J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 426: 47–54.
20. Barna, S. F., Ramanathan, A., Jacobs, K. E., Mensing, G. (2017). Solid State Electrochemical Direct Writing of Copper Nanostructures on an Ion Conductive Phosphate Glass Using Atomic Force Microscopy. Procedia Manuf, 10: 641–651.
21. Jiménez, J. A. (2015). Samarium (III) as luminescent probe for copper (II). J. Lumin, 161: 352–357.
22. Mahraz, Z. A. S., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K. (2017). Reduction of Non-Radiative Decay Rates in Boro-Tellurite Glass via Silver Nanoparticles Assisted Surface Plasmon Impingement: Judd Ofelt Analysis. J. Lumin, 190: 335–343.
23. Awang, A., Ghoshal, S. K., Sahar, M. R., Arifin, R. (2015). Gold Nanoparticles Assisted Structural and Spectroscopic Modification in Er3+–doped Zinc Sodium Tellurite Glass. Opt. Mater. (Amst), 42: 495–505.
24. Yusoff, N. M., Sahar, M. R. (2015). Effect of Silver Nanoparticles Incorporated with Samarium-doped Magnesium Tellurite Glasses. Phys. B Condens. Matter, 456: 191–196.
25. Dousti, R. M., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K., Amjad, R. J., Samavati, A. R. (2013). Effect of AgCl on Spectroscopic Properties of Erbium doped Zinc Tellurite Glass. J. Mol. Struct, 1035: 6–12.
26. Sazali, E. S., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K., Arifin, R. (2015). Efficient Optical Enhancement of Er3+ doped Lead-Tellurite Glass Embedded with Gold Nanoparticles: Role of Heat-Treatment. J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 410: 174–179.
27. Awang, A., Ghoshal, S. K., Sahar, M. R., Dousti, R. M. (2013). Enhanced Spectroscopic Properties and Judd-Ofelt Parameters of Er-doped Tellurite Glass: Effect of Gold Nanoparticles. Curr. Appl. Phys, 13: 1813–1818.
28. Yusof, N. N., Ghoshal, S. K., Ari, R., Awang, A. (2018). Self-Cleaning and Spectral Attributes of Erbium doped Sodium-Zinc-Tellurite Glass : Role of Titania Nanoparticles. J. Non. Cryst. Solids, 481: 225–238.
29. Widanarto, W., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K., Arifin, R. (2013). Natural Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Embedded Zinc-Tellurite Glasses: Polarizability and Optical Properties. Mater. Chem. Phys, 138: 174–178.
30. Suresh, S., Pavani, P. G., Mouli, V. C. (2012). ESR, Optical Absorption, IR and Raman Studies of xTeO2+(70-x)B2O3+5TiO2+24R2O:1CuO (x=10, 35 and 60 mol%; R = Li, Na and K) Quaternary Glass System. Mater. Res. Bull, 47: 724–731.
31. Tanko, Y. A., Ghoshal, S. K., Sahar, M. R. (2016). Ligand Field and Judd-Ofelt Intensity Parameters of Samarium doped Tellurite Glass. J. Mol. Struct, 1117: 64–68.
32. Amjad, R. J., Dousti, M. R., Sahar, M. R. (2015). Spectroscopic Investigation and Judd-Ofelt Analysis of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded Er3+-doped Tellurite Glass. Curr. Appl. Phys, 15: 1–7.
33. Richardson, H. W. (1997). Handbook of Copper Compounds and Applications, Marcel Dekker Inc.
34. Gaafar, M. S., Marzouk, S. Y. (2017). Judd–Ofelt Analysis of Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ doped TeO2–BaO–ZnO Glasses. J. Alloys Compd, 723: 1070–1078.
35. Dousti, R. M., Ghassemi, P., Sahar, M. R., Mahraz, Z. A. (2014). Chemical durability and Thermal Stability of Er3+-doped Zinc Tellurite Glass Containing Silver Nanoparticles. Chalcogenide Lett, 11: 111–119.
36. Aziz, S. M., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K. (2018). Spectral Attributes of Eu3+ doped Borotellurite Glasses Containing Mn3O4 Nanoparticles. J. Alloys Compd, 735: 1119–1130.
37. Yusof, N. N., Ghoshal, S. K., Azlan, M. N. (2017). Optical Properties of Titania Nanoparticles Embedded Er3+-doped Tellurite Glass: Judd-Ofelt analysis. J. Alloys Compd, 724: 1083–1092.
38. Reddy, S. L., Endo, T., Reddy, G. S.(2012). Electronic (Absorption) Spectra of 3d Transition Metal Complexes. 3–48.23234.
39. Aziz, S. M., Sahar, M. R., Ghoshal, S. K. (2017). Modified Magnetic and Optical Properties of Manganese Nanoparticles Incorporated Europium doped Magnesium Borotellurite Glass. J. Magn. Magn. Mater, 423: 98–105.